Monday, July 6, 2009

Bagha Jatin indian independance fighter shot dead 1915

Statue of Bagha Jatin nearVictoria Memorial, Kolkata

Bagha Jatin ( বাঘা যতীন Bāghā Jōtin, lit: Tiger Jatin) , bornJatindranath Mukherjee (: যতীন্দ্রনাথ মুখোপাধ্যায় Jotindrônāth Mukhōpaddhāē) (7 December 1879 – 10 September 1915) was aBengali Indian revolutionary philosopher against British rule. He was the principal leader of the Yugantar party that was the central association of revolutionaries in Bengal. Having personally met the German Crown-Prince in Calcutta shortly before the World War I, he obtained the promise of arms and ammunition from Germany; as such, he was responsible for the planned German Plot during World War I.[1] Another of his original contributions was the indoctrination of the Indian soldiers in various regiments in favour of an insurrection

As soon as the information reached the British authorities, they alerted the police, particularly in the delta region of theGanges, and sealed off all the sea approaches on the eastern coast from the NoakhaliChittagong side to Orissa. Harry & Sons was raided and searched, and the police found a clue which led them to Kaptipada village, where Jatin was staying with Manoranjan Sengupta and Chittapriya Ray Chaudhuri; a unit of the Police Intelligence Department was dispatched to Balasore. Jatin was kept informed and was requested to leave his hiding place, but his insistence on taking Niren and Jatish with him delayed his departure by a few hours, by which time a large force of police, headed by top European officers from Calcutta and Balasore, reinforced by the army unit from Chandbali in Mayurbhanj State, had reached the neighbourhood. Jatin and his companions walked through the forests and hills of Mayurbhanj, and after two days reached Balasore Railway Station.

The police had announced a reward for the capture of five fleeing "bandits", so the local villagers were also in pursuit. With occasional skirmishes, the revolutionaries, running through jungles and marshy land in torrential rain, finally took up position on 9 September 1915 in an improvised trench in undergrowth on a hillock at Chashakhand in Balasore. Chittapriya and his companions asked Jatin to leave and go to safety while they guarded the rear. Jatin, however refused to leave them.

The contingent of Government forces approached them in a pincers movement. A gunfight ensued, lasting seventy-five minutes, between the five revolutionaries armed with Mauser pistols and a large number of police and army armed with modern rifles. It ended with an unrecorded number of casualties on the Government side; on the revolutionary side, Chittapriya Ray Chaudhuri died, Jatin and Jatish were seriously wounded, and Manoranjan Sengupta and Niren were captured after their ammunition ran out. Bagha Jatin died in Balasore hospital on 10 September 1915

1 comment:

  1. Hi,
    Was Chandbali in Mayurbhanj state then? At present it's in Bhadrakh district and geographically this does not seem to be plausible.

    However, it's nice to read this post, Balasore being my home town.